Salman Salman


Director of Alquds National Nuclear Physics Laboratory


Physics Department, Faculty of Science & Technology, Al-Quds University, Jerusalem, Palestine


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Education and Scholarships

  1. B.Sc. Physics and Mathematics. University of Jordan (1st class honours, 1978).
  2. M.Sc. in Physics (GPA 4/4, 1980); M.Sc. in Computer Science. (3.8/4, 1981); and Ph.D. in Physics (4/4, 1982), from the State University of New York at Albany- Fermilab with a university research fellowship (1979-1982).
  3. Fulbright Scholarship (1987-1988) State University of New York USA; Islamic Development Bank Scholarship (1992-1995); Cornel University, Wilson laboratory. IDB Excellent Leadership Award 2014.


Current Positions

  1. Professor of Physics at Alquds University, Jerusalem, (2007-present).
  2. Founding director of the collaboration between Alquds University and Jülich and related universities in the graduate PhD programs in science, engineering, and health sciences; renewable energy and green campus imitative; and SESAME (2012- present).
  3. Author and principal counterpart of the IAEA approved project PAL0007 to establish Alquds National Nuclear Physics Laboratory in Palestine, December 2013 and the follow up proposal PAL2014009.
  4. Founding coordinator for the establishment technical college at Alquds U (2012-14).
  5. SESAME (Synchrotron for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East Jordan): Founding Member of the technical committee and Palestine delegate to the council and the vice president of the Palestine national committee for (1999-present).

Previous Positions

  1. Chairman of the finance committee of SESAME 2009- 2013). Member of SESAME review committees: Regular technical and finance committees; Site selection Amman 2000; Select committee for the Technical Director, Cairo 2001 Amman 2007; Review committee for the upgrade of Sesame to 2-GeV Amman 2001, 2.5-GeV Paris 2003; Search committee for the selection of scientific director 2003, 2007.
  2. Professor of Physics at An-Annajah University (1985-2007); Visiting Scientist and Professor with the Physics Department, Cornell University, New York (CLEO Collaboration 92-94, LASSP 94-95); RA Illinois Urbana and Brookhaven (83-85).
  3. Member, Executive Committee of Palestine Higher Council of Education (1989-90).
  4. Founding Chairman of the Board and President of the Technical Development Corporation (Non-profit Technical Development Group in Jerusalem, 1989-1992).
  5. Participant of many university and national committees over the period 1985-2014.

Teaching activities

2007-2014   Master Students 12, physics; Alquds University; Palestine.
1985-2014   Undergraduate projects over 100 students over the period.


Advanced laboratory- Cornell University (93-94); Quantum Mechanics I & II; Nuclear and Particle Physics; Classical Mechanics, Mathematical Physics, Statistical Mechanics, Relativity and cosmology. Physics of consciousness, QM interpretations (1995-present).


Freshman physics, modern physics, classical and quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, advanced laboratory, nuclear physics, particle physics, optics, solid state physics, electricity and magnetism, mathematical physics, special topics, and graduation projects (1985-present).

Undergraduate- Computer Science

Freshman computer science, system analysis, discrete algebra, programming languages C++, Pascal, and Fortran, computer logic design, computer architecture and assembly language, data structures and algorithms, AI, graphics, networks, and operating systems, real analysis (1990-present).

Selected publications

Participant of over 120 publications in Physics and High Energy: 15 article reviews, 25 SESAME design reviews. E660-Fermilab (7); E776-BNL (7); CLEO-Cornell (73); SESAME & Jülich (28). Other publications: more than 60 projects and articles


Organised and participated in over than 100 international scientific meeting since 1980.


  1. E660 Fermilab 80-85;
  2. E776 BNL 85-91;
  3. CLEO Cornell 92-95;
  4. SESAME 99-present;
  5. Alquds Jülich Cooperation 2012-present;
  6. Alquds nuclear physics laboratory 2012-present.


Membership of scientific societies

80-2000 APS; 82-85 Association of Computing Machinery; 81-85 Planetary Society; 85-92 American Association for the Advancement of Science; Inspire; Research Gate; Google scholars.

Studies & Developments

Author of comprehensive studies

  1. The framework for a general collaboration between Alquds University and Forschungszentrum Jülich & Connected Universities March 2012.
  2. Questions about modernity: thinkers and activists in the Arab world during the 20th century. A study submitted to the modernity conference- Ramallah, April 2010.
  3. A Comparative Study between the One State, Two Separate States, and Three State Confederation towards a Settlement of the Arab Israeli Conflict. The future of Palestine conference, Alquds University, October 2009.
  4. The role of various groups in investment promotion for development in Palestine -UNCTAD publication April 2008.
  5. A model for the evolution of societies based on the natural physics model of the basic forces and interactions. May 2008.
  6. Questions on education in Palestine 2008.
  7. Various studies and articles (over 80) during the period 1987-2011 covering general human, economical, philosophy and political analysis.
  8. A Feasibility study for a general housing plan for Palestine. In that study we proposed a program to provide housing of about 5000 units per year with one time investment revolving fund of $200 million. The study was approved within 3 months of our application to EU and they have allocated about $60 million within one year.
  9. The rule of development institutions in the Palestine 1991.

Contributions to the Scientific and Technical Development

The Technical Development Corporation TDC

In 1989, I started with a group of academics and economists a new institution in Jerusalem to help the funding and technical development of new projects for the Palestinian People. I was the founding president and the chair of the board during 1989-1992, established the roles and the legal statues, and was the main author of the general program that focused on the creation of midsize companies designed eventually for the people. 

Our role was to establish the companies (A fund of about $10 million to cover part of the capital), and provide the technical support for the early stages of development.  The rest of the funding came from local investors. Our funding was covered through EU, US, and other Arab funds grants.  Even though the TDC was created years after similar institutions, we received a major part of the total funding directed to Palestinian institutions from outside.

The IDB Scholarship

I was awarded the IDB merit scholarship for the period 1992-1995. That was the first year of the IDB program. The purpose and objective of the scholarships is to help researchers and academics learn the best possible knowledge and when they come back home they provide their expertise to the people. For me I received my PhD 10 years earlier and was senior enough to utilise the scholarship for maximum benefits.

During the three years at Cornell University, I participated strongly in the group research and the publications of over 77 articles in major journals or conferences. The accumulated citation index topped 5300 points Google-scholars.


I have participated early as a founder of SESAME, an international organization run under the auspices of UNESCO, near completion in Jordan and planned to operate in 2016, with an overall mostly secured budget of around $100M. The mission is to promote international collaboration in the Middle East and the Mediterranean region-using synchrotron light for basic and applied research in physics, chemistry, and biology, and material science, environmental, medical, and archaeological studies.

I served as Palestine delegate to the founding Council and as a member of the Technical Advisory Committee composed of around 10 international experts in the accelerator technology and coming from various European and American laboratories. The committee oversees all stages of development of the accelerator.  The Council meets twice a year and the Technical Committee 1-2 meetings annually to review the progress and quality of the operation. At this stage, most of the machine, parameters are finalized and over 70% is built.

Furthermore, I was elected as the chair of the finance committee for two times (2009-2013). I was pleased to receive the endorsement from the Council for the new funding approach and we were able to raise over $35m during the period.

The technology transfer and expertise gained by the staff through training in many world laboratories were immense and many students and trainees benefited. The project passed most of the difficult tests and SESAME now is a major scientific centre.  I have nominated a number of successful students from Palestine who completed their PhDs and work in the construction of the machine in addition to other international laboratories.

Alquds Jülich Cooperation

In 2012, we started a major cooperation with Germany: an extensive collaboration between Alquds University and Jülich Research Centre and connected universities (RWTH Aachen; FH-Aachen; Duisburg; and Köln). The activities included graduate programs in science, engineering, health, medicine, and pharmacy, with the possibility of extension to other schools through the Ministry of Education; the green campuses initiative to provide grid-tie solar generated electricity for Palestine institutions; and Alquds German technical college to provide training for 2 and 4 years following German standards.

The first workshop was held at Jülich September 2013. Seventeen faculty members from Alquds and over 30 from Jülich participated. The agreement was signed in February 2013. Fourteen SCPs were identified; five of them are active and took students during the past year.

12 students identified their projects and they are in different phases of execution. Another 15 are awaiting the availability of projects. 21 students participated in Jülich schools (2012-2014).  A project of admitting graduate students in medical science is underway between Alquds University, Aachen medical school and the relevant institutes from Jülich.

Alquds National Nuclear Physics Laboratory (ANPL)

Concurrently with the Jülich collaboration, I started this project as an application for the establishment of ANPL that was approved by the IAEA for implementation during the period 2014-2016. ANPL is esablished in cooperation with FZ Julich in Germnay and SESAME Synchrotron in Jordan.

A major part covers equipment optimized to serve 19 major physics experiments. A second phase for funding is preliminary approved for the period 2016-2017.

The three projects can recruit 20-30 graduate students annually. In the last 2 years, I have supervised many students in physics at SESAME and Jülich, and after the start of the nuclear lab, we expect the number to double.