The Department of Environmental and Earth Sciences offers the M.S. degree in Environmental Studies under the Plan I (Thesis) and Plan II (Comprehensive Examination) options.

Plan I (Thesis)

Students must complete a minimum of 36 credits. At least 30 credits (21 credits obligatory courses and 9 credits elective courses) must be in graduate courses offered by Environmental Studies graduate program. Graduate research for the thesis is 6 credits. A thesis must be written and accepted by the M.S. thesis committee members, and a final oral defense of the thesis must be passed.

1. Obligatory courses (27 credit hours):

Course #

Course Name

Course name in Arabic

Credit Hours

8036521

Statistics

الإحصاء

2

8036522

Project Management

إدارة مشاريع

2

8036535

Environmental Pollution

التلوث البيئي

3

8036536

Radiation

الإشعاع

3

8036731

Natural Water Chemistry

كيميائية المياه الطبيعية

3

8036723

Water Pollution

تلوث المياه

2

8036734

Environmental Impact Assessment

تقدير الأثر البيئي

3

8036735

Biodiversity

التنوع الحيوي

3

8036705

Seminar

ندوة

0

8036960

Thesis in Environmental Science

رسالة في  علوم البيئة

6

Total

27

 

2. Elective Courses (9 credit hours)

Course #

Course Name

Course name in Arabic

Credit Hours

8036533

Water Resources Management

إدارة مصادر المياه

3

8036534

Wastewater, Sewage Treatment

معالجة المياه العادمة

3

8036631

Radioactivity of the Environment

الإشعاع الطبيعي

3

8036632

Nuclear Methods in Environmental Studies

استخدام التقنيات النووية في  علوم البيئة

3

8036633

Groundwater Modeling

نمذجة المياه الجوفية

3

8036624

Toxicology

السمومية

2

8036625

Human Demography

النمو السكاني

2

8036636

Meteorology and Climatology

الاحوال الجوية والمناخ

3

8036637

Organics in the Environment

المركبات العضوية  والبيئة

3

8036638

Waste Management and Solid Waste Disposal

إدارة النفايات الصلبة

3

8036639

Soil Microbiology  

ميكروبيولوجيا التربة

3

8036726

Environmental Biotechnology

بيوتكنولوجيا بيئية

2

8036732

Isotope Hydrology

استخدام النظائر في علوم الماء

3

8036831

Sustainable Water Resources Development in Palestine

تنمية مصادر المياه في فلسطين

3

8036832

Environmental Modeling

نمذجة البيئة

3

8036833

Atmospheric Pollution

تلوث الغلاف الجوي

3

8036834

Agriculture and Environment

الزراعة والبيئة

3

8036825

Business and Environment

الإدارة والبيئة

2

8036836

Marine Pollution

تلوث البيئة البحرية

3

8036837

Biotechnology

التقانة الحيوية

3

 

Graduate Research for thesis in M.S Environmental Studies

Research in the following areas can be conducted under this program:

1. Hydrology and Hydrogeology

الهيدرولوجيا والهيدروجيولوجيا 

2. Water Quality

نوعية المياه  

3. Wastewater Treatment

 معالجة المياه العادمة    

4. Remediation of Polluted Sites

إعادة تأهيل المواقع الملوثة

5. Solid Waste Management and Dumping Sites

إدارة النفايات الصلبة وإدارة مكاب النفايات

6. Radiation and Radiation Protection

الإشعاع والحماية من الإشعاع

7. Biodiversity

التنوع الحيوي

8. Environmental Pollution

التلوث البيئي

9. Aquatic Sciences

مسطحات مائية

10. Environmental Education and Awareness

التربية والتوعية البيئية

11. Energy and Renewable Energy Technology

الطاقة وتكنولوجيا الطاقة المتجددة

12. Environment and Agriculture

البيئة والزراعة

Plan II (Comprehensive Examination)

Students must complete a minimum of 36 credits. At least 33 credits (21 credits obligatory courses and 12 credits elective courses) must be in graduate courses offered by Environmental Studies graduate program. The student should prepare and submit a written report for a graduate project under the supervision of one of the staff members of the faculty and defense it in an open session. The work should be finished within one semester. Graduate Project is 3 credits. Students must take a comprehensive written examination that covers fundamental topics in environmental sciences. The written examination, which is six to eight hours long, is prepared and evaluated by a committee appointed by the department. The examination is taken during the latter part of the final semester in the M.S. program. Students failing the examination twice are dismissed from the program.

1. Obligatory courses (24 credit hours)

Course #

Course Name

Course name in Arabic

Credit Hours

8036521

Statistics

الإحصاء

2

8036522

Project Management

إدارة مشاريع

2

8036535

Environmental pollution

التلوث البيئي

3

8036536

Radiation

الإشعاع

3

8036731

Natural water chemistry

كيميائية المياه الطبيعية

3

8036723

Water Pollution

تلوث المياه

2

8036734

Environmental Impact Assessment

تقدير الأثر البيئي

3

8036735

Biodiversity

التنوع الحيوي

3

8036705

Seminar

ندوة

0

8036900

Graduation Project

مشروع تخرج

3

Total

24

2. Elective Courses (12 credit hours):

Course #

Course Name

Course name in Arabic

Credit Hours

8036533

Water Resources Management

إدارة مصادر المياه

3

8036534

Wastewater, Sewage Treatment

معالجة المياه العادمة

3

8036631

Radioactivity of the Environment

الإشعاع الطبيعي

3

8036632

Nuclear Methods in Environmental Studies

استخدام التقنيات النووية في  علوم البيئة

3

8036633

Groundwater Modeling

نمذجة المياه الجوفية

3

8036624

Toxicology

السمومية

2

8036625

Human Demography

النمو السكاني

2

8036636

Meteorology and Climatology

الاحوال الجوية والمناخ

3

8036637

Organics in the Environment

المركبات العضوية  والبيئة

3

8036638

Waste Management and Solid Waste disposal

إدارة النفايات الصلبة

3

8036639

Soil Microbiology  

ميكروبيولوجيا التربة

3

8036726

Environmental Biotechnology

بيوتكنولوجيا بيئية

2

8036732

Isotope hydrology

استخدام النظائر في علوم الماء

3

8036831

Sustainable Water Resources Development in Palestine

تنمية مصادر المياه في فلسطين

3

8036832

Environmental Modeling

نمذجة البيئة

3

8036833

Atmospheric Pollution

تلوث الغلاف الجوي

3

8036834

Agriculture and Environment

الزراعة والبيئة

3

8036825

Business and Environment

الإدارة والبيئة

2

8036836

Marine Pollution

تلوث البيئة البحرية

3

8036837

Biotechnology

التقانة الحيوية

3

 

Diploma in Environmental Studies

If the student’s a cumulative average after finishing the course work is 75% or more, but fails the defense of his thesis, then the candidate will be offered high Diploma in Environmental Sciences instead of the master’s degree.

M.S Environmental Studies Courses Description

8036521 Statistics

2 credit Hours

This course focus on the advance statistical methods in evaluation and interpretation of Environmental data, Probability, Probability and probability distributions, Expectation and its applications, sampling distributions and statistical inference, Two sample problems, Non-parametric tests, Analysis of discrete data, Linear regression, Multiple regression, Analysis of variance (ANOVA). 

 

8036522 Project Management

2 credit Hours

This course develops a foundation of concepts and solutions that supports the planning, scheduling, controlling, resource allocation, and performance measurement activities required for successful completion of a project. Principles of effective planning, communication, and motivation throughout the project life cycle are the focus of this course. Project Leadership and Communication presents principles of project control from initiation through execution to closure in a clear and practical manner.

 

8036535 Environmental Pollution

3 credit Hours

This course is designed to give the student knowledge in some environmental pollution topics. The human population growth and the associated problems will be addressed. The negative effects of human activity on the natural environment will the issue discussed in the course. Subjects such as eutrophication, generation of wastewater, atmospheric pollution, and hazardous chemicals will be discussed in this course. Wastewater treatment will be discussed as a solution to reduce the pollution of surface and groundwater. Solutions for other environmental pollution problems are a field to be discussed in the course. Renewable energy and nuclear energy and their associated environmental problems will be discussed in the course.

 

8036536 Radiation

3 credit Hours

Ionizing radiations and the mechanisms by which they can cause biological damage. The associated relative risks and statutory regulations. Aims to facilitate a broader understanding of the nature of ionizing radiations, how they can be formed and measured. Emphasis will be given to the production of radioactive materials in the nuclear industries, their safe control and the problems relating to disposal.

 

8036533 Water Resource Management

3 credit Hours

This course focuses on the technical, legislative, and economic issues in the integrated water resource management. Consideration of water quality and quantity in developed versus developing countries, catchment management, eutrophication and its control.

 

8036534 Wastewater, Sewage Treatment

3 credit Hours

A brief outline of the history of sewage treatment and the sewage system and their essential nature. Public health considerations. Preliminary screening and grit removal; primary settlement; secondary oxidation processes - filters, activated sludge, oxidation ditches; small package plant; secondary settlement; tertiary treatment options; sludge treatment and disposal.

 

8036624 Toxicology

2 credit Hours

This course focus on the types of natural and unnatural toxic agents, chronic and acute toxicology and measurements of exposure together with testing methods for toxic agents and a brief introduction to gross biological effects of toxic agents, their absorptive toxic metabolism and excretion.

 

8036625 Human Demography

2 credit Hours

The course covers historical overview of the change in population structure; demographic transition model; consideration of age-sex pyramids; patterns of mortality, fertility and migration and the connection between growth of the population with their social & economical needs.

 

8036631 Radioactivity of the Environment

3 credit Hours

Basic Of radiation, Radioactive decay, sources of radioactivity in the environment. Natural occurring radioactive. Man-made sources of radioactivity, biological effects of radiation. Impact of nuclear energy on the environment and public health. Radiation control and environmental survey. Nuclear waste, problem of radon. Radiation monitoring and potential sources of releases in the region.

 

80366632 Nuclear Methods in Water and Environmental Studies

3 credit Hours

Nuclear technology in environmental analysis. X-ray fluorescent analyses, neutron activation analysis. Application of radioisotopes in hydrology. Radionuclides in drinking water. The use of nuclear energy in Seawater desalination. The role of neutron-humidity water in soil water management. Application of nuclear technologies in the protection of environment. Search for water sources in the desert

 

8036633 Groundwater Modeling

3 credit Hours

Finite element methods, boundary condition steady and unsteady state conditions. Model calibration, Pollutant transports. Different available soft ware and their use in groundwater modeling. Three dimensional modeling of groundwater flow and solute transport. Case study and practical use of the mudflow

 

8036636 Meteorology and Climatology

3 credit Hours

The course covers the structure of the Atmosphere: the stratosphere, troposphere. Genesis of the earth's Atmosphere. Naturel contaminants: volcanisme, vegetation, and dust. Weather systems and weather patterns; high and low pressure fronts; stability of the atmosphere. Ocean circulation/processes and their impact on climate

 

8036637 Organics in the Environment

3 credit Hours

The course is designed to study persistent pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, dioxins and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons as environmental contaminants.

 

8036638 Waste Management and Solid Disposal

3 credit Hours

Definition of waste. History of waste handling. Overview of waste management practices - avoidance of waste, waste reduction, and landfill. Fees and charges, modifications, transfer and surrender of licenses; the registration of exemptions from licensing; and the duties and powers of waste regulation authorities. Review of waste disposal practices. International agreements. Alternative options for disposal incorporating best available techniques and environmental practice. Landfill; the generation of landfill gas and leachate. Analytical procedures for on-site monitoring of gases. Analytical data relating to leachates from landfill sites to show changes with time. The role of fulvic and humic acids in the leachates as heavy metal chelators and as a major source of  BOD

 

8036639 Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry

3 credit Hours

An introduction in the soil microbiology and biochemistry to the current issues of soil as a habitat for organisms and their, reactions, components of the soil biota, occurrence and distribution of soil organisms, carbon, cycling and soil organic meter, dynamics of residue decomposition and Soil organic

 

8036731 Natural Water Chemistry

3 credit Hours

This course is designed top introduce the student to the natural water chemistry. The following subjects will be discussed in the course; characteristics of natural waters (pH, EC, redox potential, turbidity, color …… etc.), dissolved substances in natural water, dissolution and precipitation in natural systems, chemical equilibrium and acid base reactions in natural systems, chemical activity and hydro-geochemistry, and an introduction to isotope hydrology. Soft ware used in hydrochemistry will be also discussed in the course

 

8036723 Water Pollution

2 credit Hours

Sources of pollution and contamination of natural surface and ground water including industry, wastewater, seawater intrusions, effect of dumping sites and the excess use of fertilizers and pesticides. Deferent pollutants in water and their health hazard. Water pollution prevention measures. Microbiological pollution of water. Chlorination and other methods of water disinfections and their health hazards.

 

8036734 Environmental Impact Assessment

3 credit Hours

The course focuses on the systematic examination of the likely impacts of development proposals on the environment prior to the beginning of any activity. The framework and methodology to minimize environmental impacts of new developments. The process and format of EIA under national and international laws. The course explains how to decide which actions are likely to have a significant environmental effect. It covers the policies, plans, programs and specific projects of a comprehensive EIA system. The benefits and objectives of EIA, EIA Laws and requirements, Key consideration in the EIA process, Palestinian environmental law and EIA policy, International agencies’ requirements with regard to EIA, Writing EIA reports, Reviewing and evaluating EIA reports, Assessments for small projects and contaminated sites.

 

8036735 Biodiversity

3 credit Hours

This course focus on the diverse problems associated with the Ecosystems and their stresses on the organisms. Study of all living organism forms, including animals and plants. Focus on the natural habitats of each living organism community and interaction between the living organisms in nature. Problems and conservation methods of natural resources in relation to biodiversity

 

8036705 Seminar

0 credit Hour

A seminar in Environmental Science conducted under the supervision of a faculty member in Environment and Earth Sciences Department.

 

8036900 Graduation Project

3 credit Hours

A research project in Environmental Science conducted under the supervision of a faculty member in in Environment and Earth Sciences Department.

 

8036960 Thesis in Environmental Science

6 credit Hours

A research activity in Environmental Science conducted under the supervision of a faculty member in Earth and Environmental Studies or a supporting department. (thesis track)

 

8036726 Environment Biotechnological

2 credit Hours

The course focus on the Technical and biotechnological issues of the decomposition of natural and un-natural substances. Decay of resistance material in the soil. Biotechnical methods for treatment of solid wastes. Biological methods to remove organic compounds from drinking water (nitrification denitrification, heavy metals).

 

8036732 Isotope Hydrology

3 credit Hours

Isotopes in water and their methods of determination, environmental isotopes, and their use in hydrology. Artificial isotopes and their use as tracer. Age determination of water using radioactive isotopes including 14C, 3H.

Paleo environment and the stable isotopes concentrating on 18O and 2H. The use of isotopes for the study recharge of the aquifers and groundwater.

 

8036825 Business and Environment

2 credit Hours

Business strategy and putting the environment on the business agenda. Environmental Review & Environmental Policy. Review of raw materials, products and processes associated with the operation. Benefits of an environmental policy. Environmental policy development and the principles involved. Statement of corporate objectives. Implementation of an environmental policy.

 

8036831 Sustainable Water Resources Development in Palestine

3 credit Hours

Geographical, geological, and historical overview of the water situation in Palestine Authority, what is sustainable development/ alternative definitions of sustainable development, water law in the Middle East. Areas of confluent in the region, land and water reform, role of agriculture in the Palestinian Authority, water policy- economic issues-water. Pricing-costs of desalinization, what are the best tools available to evaluate water use- environmental impact assessment and benefit – cost analysis, share management and the regional water committee

 

8036832 Environmental Modeling

3 credit Hours

Introduction to computer modeling. Advancement in computers and computational procedure, High performance computers and Computational languages and their use in modeling, Physics of the different scales of the environment. Two- and three-dimensional environmental modeling, Verifications of environmental Models, Examples of known Environmental Models and their use.

 

8036833 Atmospheric Pollution

3 credit Hours

Naturally occurring constituents of the atmosphere (SO2, CH4, dust). Brief historical survey of atmospheric pollution: Industrial operations, coal burning: Clean Air Act. Pollutants from vehicle exhaust (NO, CO). Photochemistry and atmospheric pollution. Photochemistry of simple molecules; dissociation, reactivity of excited state species; atmospheric air pollution and atmospheric photochemical reactions. photochemical smog; pollution of the upper atmosphere; acid rain and photochemistry.

 

8036834 Agriculture and the Environment

3 credit Hours

Agriculture and agricultural pollution. Legislation and standards. The development of pesticides used in agriculture, green houses; management of crops. The Code of Good Agricultural Practice, Organic farming, Quality control of agricultural crops, Biotechnology in agriculture to protect environment Development of Environmental Quality Standards (EQSs) for specific water uses. Case studies.

 

8036836 Marine Pollution

3 credit Hours

The course covers marine ecosystem problems. An introduction to the current issues of concern in resources extraction, transportation, and refining and the impacts on the marine environment. Case studies on oil tanker disasters, desalination, Mariculture and bioinvasion. The course will include topics on Toxic algal blooming and productivity, Environmental impacts on the benthic communities, Anthropogenic stresses, Coastal zones Pollution and management, adaptation, marine biodiversity problems.

 

8036837 Biotechnology

3 credit Hours

Application of biological organisms, systems, or processes to manufacturing and service industries. Focus on technology using biological phenomena for copying and manufacturing various kinds of useful substances. The biotechnological applications in relation to environment will be considered such as recycling of wastes and biological control